Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
January 19–March 31, 2018
London

Donald Judd
Craig Kauffman
Robert Morris

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris is Sprüth Magers’ second curated exhibition presenting Craig Kauffman’s work displayed alongside his influences and contemporaries. The show presents six works from Kauffman’s fertile period of 1966–71, when he addressed the issues of structure and form in painting, the use of industrial materials, painting’s relationship to the wall, and dematerialization. His work is contextualized by the inclusion of the stack piece Untitled (Bernstein 80–4) (1980) and the floor piece Untitled, DSS 234 (1970) by Donald Judd and the two felt works Untitled (1968) and Fountain (1971) by Robert Morris, as well as supplemental materials from the Kauffman archives. The exhibition, Kauffman's début at the London gallery, presents the three artists together for the first time in Europe.

Although primarily known as a Los Angeles based artist, Craig Kauffman had a long history of engagement with the New York scene. In 1967, Kauffman relocated to New York, encouraged by the successes of his recent exhibitions in the city. While there, he began a friendship with Donald Judd, the artist who coined the phrase “specific objects” to describe his own work, a format which operated between painting and sculpture. Like the work of Judd, Kauffman’s three-dimensional plastic paintings occupy this liminal category. Their volume suggests that they are sculpture, but their presence on the wall reinforces their status as paintings. The unity of color and form, achieved through the use of industrial materials, is another point of similarity between the two artists’ objectives.

 

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Kauffman’s move to New York also reignited his friendship with Robert Morris, whom he had met in San Francisco ten years earlier. Their frequent discussions resulted in a short lived collaboration for the exhibition Using Walls (Indoors) at the Jewish Museum in 1970, which remained open for only one day, and which Kauffman described as a combination of both of the artists’ ideas. Only a few years prior, Morris begun making process-oriented felt pieces, in which he hung strips of industrial felt on the wall and allowed gravity to determine their shape. This influenced Kauffman’s conception of his series of Loops, in which sheets of spray painted Plexiglas seem to casually droop over a wire.

In Kauffman’s work, the environment constantly shifts as the viewer moves around each object. The light that moves across the curved edges of each piece facilitates the full comprehension of their forms. This draws comparisons to Morris’s own textual formulations in his influential Notes on Sculpture series, which advocated a phenomenological reading of the art object, how they change under varying conditions of light and space. The colored shadows of the hanging Loops and the cast plastic forms that project into space directly implicate both the viewer and their supports.

Two of the earliest works from 1966 demonstrate how Kauffman addressed some of the issues which were important to Minimalist art and theory: seriality, industrial multiples, and anonymity. But where the New Yorkers opted for material and formal austerity—Kauffman’s supple plastic works were colored and full of curves.

This exhibition is curated by Frank Lloyd, and follows Craig Kauffman: Works from 1962–1964 in dialogue with Francis Picabia and Marcel Duchamp, Sprüth Magers' debut of the gallery’s representation of the Estate of Craig Kauffman in Berlin in 2016. The show is timed to run concurrently with the gallery's Los Angeles presentation of Robert Irwin, who, along with Kauffman, was a major force in the definition of art from Los Angeles in the 1960s.

 

Installation Views
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Details
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, London, January 19–March 31, 2018
Photo: Voytek Ketz

Details
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Exhibited Works
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1969

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1969
Acrylic lacquer on plastic
185.4 × 127 × 22.9 cm
73 × 50 × 9 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Donald Judd
Untitled (Bernstein 80-4), 1980

Donald Judd
Untitled (Bernstein 80–4), 1980
Galvanized iron and blue Plexiglas
15.2 × 68.6 × 61 cm with 15.2 cm intervals
6 × 27 × 24 inches with 6 inch intervals

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1967

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1967
Vacuum formed colored plastic
87.6 × 142.9 × 21 cm
34 1/2 × 56 1/4 × 8 1/4 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Donald Judd
Untitled, DSS 234, 1970

Donald Judd
Untitled, DSS 234, 1970
Amber plexiglass and stainless steel
50.8 × 121.9 × 86.4 cm
20 × 48 × 34 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1969

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1969
Acrylic lacquer on plastic
238.8 × 120 × 22.9 cm
94 × 47 1/4 × 9 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1966

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1966
Acrylic on vacuum formed plastic
195.6 × 96.5 × 15.2 cm
77 × 38 × 6 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled Wall Relief, 1967/2008

Craig Kauffman
Untitled Wall Relief, 1967/2008
Acrylic lacquer on vacuum formed plastic
132.1 × 182.9 × 38.1 cm
52 × 72 × 15 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1970-1971

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1970–1971
Acrylic lacquer on plastic
142.2 × 185.4 × 5.1 cm
56 × 73 × 2 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Robert Morris
Untitled, 1968 (remade 2011)

Robert Morris
Untitled, 1968 (remade 2011)
Two grey felts
365.8 × 182.9 cm
144 × 72 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Robert Morris
Fountain , 1971

Robert Morris
Fountain, 1971
seven felt strips
243.8 × 237.5 × 27.3 cm
96 × 93 1/2 × 10 3/4 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1972

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1972
Ink, paint, and charcoal on paper
57.2 × 76.2 cm
22 1/2 × 30 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1971-72

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1971–72
Ink on paper
75.6 × 52.1 cm
29 3/4 × 20 1/2 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London
Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1971-72

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1971–72
Ink on paper
81.3 × 55.9 cm
32 × 22 inches

Details
Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1969
Acrylic lacquer on plastic
185.4 × 127 × 22.9 cm
73 × 50 × 9 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Donald Judd
Untitled (Bernstein 80–4), 1980
Galvanized iron and blue Plexiglas
15.2 × 68.6 × 61 cm with 15.2 cm intervals
6 × 27 × 24 inches with 6 inch intervals

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1967
Vacuum formed colored plastic
87.6 × 142.9 × 21 cm
34 1/2 × 56 1/4 × 8 1/4 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Donald Judd
Untitled, DSS 234, 1970
Amber plexiglass and stainless steel
50.8 × 121.9 × 86.4 cm
20 × 48 × 34 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1969
Acrylic lacquer on plastic
238.8 × 120 × 22.9 cm
94 × 47 1/4 × 9 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1966
Acrylic on vacuum formed plastic
195.6 × 96.5 × 15.2 cm
77 × 38 × 6 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled Wall Relief, 1967/2008
Acrylic lacquer on vacuum formed plastic
132.1 × 182.9 × 38.1 cm
52 × 72 × 15 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1970–1971
Acrylic lacquer on plastic
142.2 × 185.4 × 5.1 cm
56 × 73 × 2 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Robert Morris
Untitled, 1968 (remade 2011)
Two grey felts
365.8 × 182.9 cm
144 × 72 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Robert Morris
Fountain, 1971
seven felt strips
243.8 × 237.5 × 27.3 cm
96 × 93 1/2 × 10 3/4 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1972
Ink, paint, and charcoal on paper
57.2 × 76.2 cm
22 1/2 × 30 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1971–72
Ink on paper
75.6 × 52.1 cm
29 3/4 × 20 1/2 inches

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris – Group Exhibition – London

Craig Kauffman
Untitled, 1971–72
Ink on paper
81.3 × 55.9 cm
32 × 22 inches

Details
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Selected Press

California dreaming
The Observer, review by Laura Cumming, February 11, 2018

California Dreaming im coolen Plastik der Sechziger
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, review by Anne Reimers, February 10, 2018

Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris Sprüth Magers / London
Flash Art, review by Alex Bennett, February 5, 2018

In the 1960s, Californian artists became masters of light and space
The Economist, review by Jane Ure-Smith, January 31, 2018

Nothing minimal about all this
The Sunday Times Culture, review by Waldemar Januszczak, January 21, 2018

Sprüth Magers Shines a Light on Craig Kauffman’s Influential Minimalism
The Observer, review by Margaret Carrigan, January 10, 2018

“Crossroads: Kauffman, Judd and Morris“ at Sprüth Magers
Modern Painters, review Anya Harrison, January – February, 2018