Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020
Berlin

Monika Sprüth and Philomene Magers are pleased to announce the first solo exhibition of Darboven’s work at the Berlin gallery, presenting Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III (1986) and (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender / (South) Korean Calendar (1991). The exhibition marks the beginning of the gallery’s worldwide exclusive representation of the Darboven Estate.The Hamburg-born Conceptual artist is known for her serial writing pieces and date-based cross sum calculations hung as wall-spanning blocks of identically framed paper works. In the 1980s, Darboven began combining various forms of representation and presentation by collaging image and text panels together. Shown for the first time in its entirety, the encyclopedic work Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III will fill the gallery’s main space while the prior room features the calendar-based work (Süd) Koreanischer Kalender / (South) Korean Calendar.

Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III consists of over 700 panels, each containing four vertical-format, annotated and collaged DIN A4 sheets. The artist constructs each collaged page with components characteristic of her work: wavy-line drawings resembling cursive script, handwritten encyclopedia quotes from entries about the “Earth” or “Geography,” copies from scientific non-fiction books, illustrations from display boards and black-and-white photographs of her studio or exhibition views. Each individual page is rounded out with lists of place names, monuments, objects, historical people and events, offering a survey of the full thematic range of Darboven’s work. The result is a kind of overall index of her encyclopedic oeuvre.

 

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Darboven expands the gargantuan wall hangings to include ten free-standing wooden classroom displays that add a third dimension to the work. The classroom displays visualize various elements of classic Geography and general study curricula. A map, views of a mountain landscape, and a schematic diagram of lignite and hard coal mining activity reflect the educational content of past decades while also offering insight into traditional, analogue means of educating and conveying knowledge.

The panels Darboven selects serve as a point of departure and material for creating new connections and constellations and testing her own systems of order. Her artistic strategy of associatively engaging with traditional knowledge content recalls Aby Warburg’s method of combining reproduced pictorial materials of various kinds and origins for the panels in his legendary Mnemosyne Atlas (1924-29). At the same time, Darboven reflects the traditional didactic methods and forms of presentation of knowledge transfer. The title Erkunde (Geography)—identical to the school subject of the same name—is a nod to the science that deals with the Earth, both in its physical nature and in relation to the effects of geographical conditions on social order and cultural development. The title also alludes to the origin of this science, the age of voyages of discovery, which marks the beginning of modern (natural) sciences. Erdkunde I, II, III (Geography I, II, III) is a tribute to natural scientist and universal scholar Alexander von Humboldt, who appears on two photographs of the first index in the form of a bust. Alexander von Humboldt, who would have celebrated his 250th birthday on September 14, 2019, is considered the founder of empirical geography. Darboven’s work points to the entanglement of natural and cultural history that Humboldt explained in his famous “Cosmos” lectures and in his research.

Darboven’s Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III speaks to the basic, encyclopedic endeavor to summarize the totality of all knowledge. At the same time her art shows not only a cognitive recording and mediation of historical and scientific facts, but also an increased striving for the sensual immediacy and authenticity of the physical world.

The first room in the gallery features Darboven’s (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender / (South) Korean Calendar (1991), a work based on pages from a South Korean yearly calendar. The particular graphic elements and colors in these 365 identically-framed plates and cover sheet have a rather bold, visually striking effect that is unusual for Darboven’s work. Each sheet is dominated by large Arabic numerals, whereby the number is always framed by a header and footer section containing Asian and Arabic characters and numerals. The central numerals are printed in a lace-like pattern and surrounded by a series of little drawings representing luxury items such as diamond rings and wristwatches. Each of the 365 calendar pages contains handwritten entries in felt-tip pen showing Darboven’s typical cross-sum calculations based on the day’s date. These are calculated by totaling up the day, month, decade, and year, then translating that total into loopy, wavy lines that resemble cursive handwriting. The latter are arranged in to ten lines or fewer, with the sum of wave peaks recorded in the form of an Arabic number at the end of that line. At the bottom of each page are the handwritten words “heute / today,” which Darboven has crossed out; the wavy lines are stricken through as well. 

Lucy Lippard described Darboven’s date-based records as “a process which takes time to do, which takes time as one of its subjects, and which takes from time (the calendar) its numerical foundations.” The lengths of the wavy line in the drawings, which recede at the start of each month only to gradually increase again by month’s end, recall the recurring movements of the tides, ebb and flow, and visualize genesis and elapse.
Miriam Schoofs, Berlin, July 2019
 
Hanne Darboven (1941–2009) is considered Germany’s most important conceptual artist. After studying at the Hochschule für bildende Künste in Hamburg, she moved to New York for two years before returning to her hometown in 1968. Darboven cultivated close friendships with American artist colleagues Sol LeWitt, Carl Andre, Lawrence Weiner, and other representatives of minimalism and conceptual art, with whom she maintained a lively artistic exchange throughout her life. She lived and worked at her parental home in Hamburg’s Harburg district until her death in 2009.

 

Installation Views
Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019–February 26, 2020

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Details
Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender
Installation view, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, September 12, 2019 – February 26, 2020
Photo: © Timo Ohler

Details
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Exhibited Works
Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III, 1986

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III, 1986
723 sheets of Collage (photo copy, photograph), felt pen, pencil on paper;
10 classroom maps with tripods
723 panels
70 × 50 cm each
27 5/8 × 19 3/4 inches each
10 classroom maps with tripods

Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin
Hanne Darboven
(Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender / (South) Korean Calendar, 1991

Hanne Darboven
(Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender / (South) Korean Calendar, 1991
Collage: felt pen, offset print on paper (Tear-Off Calendar)
366 sheets
50 × 70 cm each
19 3/4 × 27 5/8 inches each

Details
Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III, 1986
723 sheets of Collage (photo copy, photograph), felt pen, pencil on paper;
10 classroom maps with tripods
723 panels
70 × 50 cm each
27 5/8 × 19 3/4 inches each
10 classroom maps with tripods

Hanne Darboven
Erdkunde I, II, III / Geography I, II, III, 1986
Hanne Darboven – Erdkunde und (Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender – Berlin

Hanne Darboven
(Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender / (South) Korean Calendar, 1991
Collage: felt pen, offset print on paper (Tear-Off Calendar)
366 sheets
50 × 70 cm each
19 3/4 × 27 5/8 inches each

Hanne Darboven
(Süd-) Koreanischer Kalender / (South) Korean Calendar, 1991
Details
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Selected Press

Schrieben, solange es Papier gibt
Berliner Zeitung, article by Ingeborg Ruthe, September 27, 2019

Das Wissen der Welt fassen
taz Die Tageszeitung, article by Beate Scheder, September 26, 2019

Critic’s Choice: 9 Stand-outs from Berlin Art Week 2019
Artspace, September 12, 2019