Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger, Untitled (Your body is a battleground), 1989
Courtesy The Broad Art Foundation, Los Angeles

 

Barbara Kruger (*1945) is an artist who works with pictures and words in the hopes of revealing and resisting socially ingrained assumptions about power: how it determines who lives and who dies, who is healed and who is housed, who speaks and who is silenced, who is visible and who is marginalized. Since the mid-1970s, she has juxtaposed her own texts with found images in her effort to expose the machinations of capitalism, politics and gender that often go unquestioned. Based in Los Angeles and New York, Kruger has been with the gallery since 1985, represented first by Galerie Monika Sprüth and later by Sprüth Magers.

 

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The artist’s oeuvre spans photomontages and complex video and sound projects, as well as installations in the public realm. Frequently working outside the bounds of the museum or art gallery, Kruger has always managed to find new ways to reach the public, from traditional pictorial formats to vast architectural installations that transform the walls, ceilings and floors of entire spaces. Her works may appear in magazines and newspapers, the kind of light boxes usually reserved for advertising, T-shirts, posters, shopping bags, billboards, LED displays, displays on buses and in train stations, and on building facades.

Kruger’s texts—often in black or white lettering with brightly colored backgrounds, most often red—can become image elements in their own right. They take the form of evocative statements (“I shop therefore I am,” “Your body is a battleground,” “We don’t need another hero”), questions (“Do I have to give up me to be loved by you?”; “Who will write the history of tears?”) and suggestive declarations (“Put your money where your mouth is”; “You are not yourself”). When words pictures appear together, the texts dismantle the found image’s pictorial plane, making room for an abundance of echoes, effects, contradictions and implications.

Kruger’s emphatically visual conceptual practice draws on the aesthetics of graphic design and magazines (a field in which she briefly worked early in her career), 1970s punk posters and album covers. It plays with ideas informing the language-based conceptual art of the 1960s and 1970s, including those underpinning text and image works by artists such as John Baldessari, Jenny Holzer and Ed Ruscha, and it adds to the art historical legacy of German Dadaism and Soviet agitprop art by El Lissitzky and Aleksander Rodchenko. Perhaps the biggest difference between Kruger and her predecessors is her strategy of subversive mimicry: Kruger uses the dominant advertising media of late capitalist consumer society to criticize its patriarchal structures, its hierarchies and dynamics, effectively supplanting the innate purposes of these media with her own singular project.

Her works are political without trying to persuade viewers to adopt any particular system or ideology. Instead they invoke and rattle positions viewers might take innately on account of their gender, social class, nationality, religion, or age, confronting them with often repressed feelings of powerlessness, ignorance, anger, fear, or greed. They exploit the immediacy of images and texts, and the unconscious and semi-conscious reactions evoked in the beholder, and they upend social stereotypes by forcing viewers to consider them in a new light. They are as seductive as successful advertising and as effective as propaganda. Ultimately Kruger subverts systems of cultural representation, turning it back on itself.

 

Barbara Kruger: Part of the Discourse
Performa, New York 2017
From Art21’s Extended Play series, 2018
Courtesy Art21, art21.org, founded 1997

 

Catalogue Raisonné

 

Sprüth Magers is supporting a call for works to complement the Barbara Kruger Catalogue Raisonné, an ongoing project documenting the artist’s entire oeuvre.

This call for information invites collectors, galleries and institutions who own an artwork by Barbara Kruger to submit relevant informations and image documentation, thus providing an essential contribution to the provenance research into her work.

Link

 

Works
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Stripe 2), 2019

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Stripe 2), 2019
Digital print on vinyl
243.8 × 197.5 cm
96 × 77 3/4 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (If you want a picture), 2017

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (If you want a picture), 2017
Digital print on vinyl
274.3 × 170.2 × 5.1 cm
108 × 67 × 2 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1990/2018

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1990/2018
Monumental wall work
On view October 20, 2018–November 2020 at The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA
Photo: Elon Schoenholz

More views
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
The Globe Shrinks, 2010

Barbara Kruger
The Globe Shrinks, 2010
4-screen video installation
Dimensions variable
13 min loop

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is...), High Line, NY, 2016

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is…)
High Line, New York, 2016
Photo: Timothy Schenck. Courtesy of Friends of the High Line

More views
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Too big to fail), 2012

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Too big to fail), 2012
Digital print on vinyl
274.3 × 274.3 × 6 cm
108 × 108 × 2 3/8 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Truth), 2013

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Truth), 2013
Digital print on vinyl
178.6 × 292.1 cm
70 1/3 × 115 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Shame it blame it), 2010

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Shame it blame it), 2010
Digital print on vinyl
316 × 365 × 6 cm
124 3/8 × 143 3/4 × 2 3/8 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Who owns what?), 1991/2012

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Who owns what?), 1991/2012
Digital print on vinyl
292.1 × 279.4 cm
115 × 110 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Belief + Doubt, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, 2012

Barbara Kruger
Belief + Doubt, 2012
Print on vinyl
Installation at Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C., since 2012

More views
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (You, Me, We), 2003

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (You, Me, We), 2003
Chromogenic print on archival paper
155 × 124 cm
61 × 48 7/8 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Now you see us / Now you don’t), 1987

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Now you see us / Now you don’t), 1987
Gelatin silver print on paper
116.2 × 137.2 cm
45 3/4 × 54 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (We are all that heaven allows), 1984

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (We are all that heaven allows), 1984
Gelatin silver print on paper
186 × 120 cm
73 1/4 × 47 1/4 inches

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Your life is a perpetual insomnia), 1984

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Your life is a perpetual Insomnia), 1984
Gelatin silver print
183.2 × 118.2 cm (framed)
72 × 46 1/2 inches (framed)

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003
Chromogenic dye coupler print
152.4 × 228.6 cm
60 × 90 inches
Edition of 5

More views
Details
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Stripe 2), 2019
Digital print on vinyl
243.8 × 197.5 cm
96 × 77 3/4 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Stripe 2), 2019
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (If you want a picture), 2017
Digital print on vinyl
274.3 × 170.2 × 5.1 cm
108 × 67 × 2 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (If you want a picture), 2017
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1990/2018
Monumental wall work
On view October 20, 2018–November 2020 at The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA
Photo: Elon Schoenholz

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1990/2018
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1990
Monumental wall work first presented at The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA in 1990

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1989 - 2018
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1990/2018 (detail)

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Questions), 1990/2018
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
The Globe Shrinks, 2010
4-screen video installation
Dimensions variable
13 min loop

Barbara Kruger
The Globe Shrinks, 2010
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is…)
High Line, New York, 2016
Photo: Timothy Schenck. Courtesy of Friends of the High Line

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is...), High Line, NY, 2016
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is…), 2016 (detail)

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is...), 2016
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is…), 2016 (detail)

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Blind idealism is...), 2016
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Too big to fail), 2012
Digital print on vinyl
274.3 × 274.3 × 6 cm
108 × 108 × 2 3/8 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Too big to fail), 2012
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Truth), 2013
Digital print on vinyl
178.6 × 292.1 cm
70 1/3 × 115 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Truth), 2013
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Shame it blame it), 2010
Digital print on vinyl
316 × 365 × 6 cm
124 3/8 × 143 3/4 × 2 3/8 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Shame it blame it), 2010
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Who owns what?), 1991/2012
Digital print on vinyl
292.1 × 279.4 cm
115 × 110 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Who owns what?), 1991/2012
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Belief + Doubt, 2012
Print on vinyl
Installation at Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C., since 2012

Barbara Kruger
Belief + Doubt, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, 2012
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Belief + Doubt, 2012
Print on vinyl
Installation at Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C., since 2012

Barbara Kruger
Belief + Doubt, 2012
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (You, Me, We), 2003
Chromogenic print on archival paper
155 × 124 cm
61 × 48 7/8 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (You, Me, We), 2003
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Now you see us / Now you don’t), 1987
Gelatin silver print on paper
116.2 × 137.2 cm
45 3/4 × 54 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Now you see us / Now you don’t), 1987
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (We are all that heaven allows), 1984
Gelatin silver print on paper
186 × 120 cm
73 1/4 × 47 1/4 inches

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (We are all that heaven allows), 1984
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Your life is a perpetual Insomnia), 1984
Gelatin silver print
183.2 × 118.2 cm (framed)
72 × 46 1/2 inches (framed)

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Your life is a perpetual insomnia), 1984
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003
Chromogenic dye coupler print
152.4 × 228.6 cm
60 × 90 inches
Edition of 5

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003 (detail)

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003 (detail)

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003
Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003 (installation view)

Barbara Kruger
Untitled (Let go), 2003
Details
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Current and Upcoming
Barbara Kruger
Exhibition graphic by The Walker Art Center, Minneapolis

Don't let this be easy
Group Exhibition
The Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
Through July 4, 2021

Presented in conjunction with the Feminist Art Coalition (FAC), a nationwide effort involving more than 50 museums committed to social justice and structural change, this exhibition highlights the diverse and experimental practices of women artists spanning some 50 years through a selection of paintings, sculptures, moving image works, artists’ books, and materials from the archives.

Link

Pictures and Promises
Group Exhibition
Vancouver Art Gallery
Through August 22, 2021

Drawn from the Vancouver Art Gallery’s rich photographic holdings, Pictures and Promises focuses on lens-based works that employ the structures, conventions and formal qualities used in mass media, fashion and advertising. The works then deploy these strategies to play on collective understandings of the world around us and to investigate the iconography of consumerism. Given advertising’s shift from denotative to connotative meaning, both artistic and commercial production have created chains of signification to imply meaning that surpasses the work or object itself.
Featured artists include Vikky Alexander, Eugène Atget, Walker Evans, Gu Xiong, Richard Hamilton, Astrid Klein, Barbara Kruger, Ken Lum, Yasumasa Morimura, Andy Warhol and O Zhang.

Link
Barbara Kruger
Astrid Klein, Spiralsturz, 1984
Barbara Kruger
Exhibition graphic by Palazzo Strozzi, Florence

American Art, 1961–2001
Group Exhibition
The Walker Art Center Collections from Andy Warhol to Kara Walker
Palazzo Strozzi, Florence
Through August 29, 2021

Palazzo Strozzi presents American Art 1961–2001, a major exhibition taking a new perspective on the history of contemporary art in the United States. Exhibiting many formative works for the first time in Italy, the exhibition examines the most important figures and movements that marked the development of American art from the beginning of the Vietnam War until the 9/11 attack.

Link

Barbara Kruger
BARBARA KRUGER: THINKING OF YOU, I MEAN ME, I MEAN YOU
The Art Institute of Chicago
September 19, 2021–January 24, 2022

The Art Institute of Chicago, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Museum of Modern Art, New York are pleased to announce a major solo exhibition devoted to the work of Barbara Kruger.

Opening at the Art Institute of Chicago, THINKING OF YOU, I MEAN ME, I MEAN YOU will present four decades of the artist’s work—the largest and most comprehensive presentation of her work in twenty years.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art: March 20–July 17, 2022
Museum of Modern Art, New York: July 18, 2022–January 2, 2023

Link
Barbara Kruger
Exhibitions at Sprüth Magers

Eau de Cologne
Rosemarie Trockel, Cindy Sherman, Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Astrid Klein, Marlene Dumas, Kara Walker, Cady Noland
March 27–April 12, 2019
Hong Kong

Eau de Cologne began as a series of exhibitions and three publications, organized by Monika Sprüth between 1985 and 1989, which sought to create a new dialogue around contemporary art. The exhibitions introduced a select group of young women artists, each of whom individually represented powerful attitudes and practices.

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Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger
FOREVER
September 16, 2017–January 20, 2018
Berlin

Sprüth Magers presents FOREVER, a new site-specific work by Barbara Kruger. For this installation, which occupies all four walls and the floor of the Berlin gallery’s main exhibition space, the artist has created one of her immersive room-wraps and several new vinyl works. Their boldly designed textual statements on the nature of truth, power, belief and doubt embody the distinctive visual language that Kruger has developed over the course of her forty-year career.

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Eau de Cologne
Rosemarie Trockel, Cindy Sherman, Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Jenny Holzer / Lady Pink
June 28–August 20, 2016
Los Angeles

The group show Eau de Cologne at Sprüth Magers in Los Angeles features work from the late 1970s to 2016 by Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman and Rosemarie Trockel. The exhibition at Sprüth Magers’ recently-opened Los Angeles gallery is a follow–up to its predecessor in Berlin last year. It sheds light on key topics in these artists’ works, but also the specific history of the gallery and its connection to these important female figures of an art that subtly addresses women’s roles in very different ways.

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Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Eau de Cologne
Rosemarie Trockel, Cindy Sherman, Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler
September 17–October 21, 2015
Berlin

This group exhibition at Sprüth Magers Berlin shows works from the early 1980s to 2015 by Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman and Rosemarie Trockel. These five artists have been working with Monika Sprüth since the foundation of her gallery in Cologne in the early 1980s and have been closely connected to the gallery ever since.

Barbara Kruger

Uneasy Angel / Imagine Los Angeles
Doug Aitken, John Baldessari, Patterson Beckwith, Lecia Dole-Recio, Jack Goldstein, Richard Hawkins, Patrick Hill, Sister Corita Kent, Norman M. Klein, Barbara Kruger, David Lamelas, John McCracken, Matthew Monahan, Lari Pittman, Sterling Ruby, Allen Ruppersberg, Lara Schnitger, Kim Schoenstadt, Paul Sietsema, Catherine Sullivan, Robert Therrien, Pae White
curated by Johannes Fricke Waldthausen
September 14–November 3, 2007
Munich

Uneasy Angel / Imagine Los Angeles is a thematic exhibition comprising the creative production of contemporary artists, writers, and filmmakers living and working in Los Angeles. In light of Umberto Eco’s and Jean Baudrillard’s notion of hyperreality, the exhibition perceives Los Angeles as just such a place—with unclear boundaries separating reality and the imaginary.

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20th Anniversary Show
John Baldessari, Alighiero Boetti, George Condo, Walter Dahn, Thomas Demand, Thea Djordjadze, Peter Fischli  David Weiss, Sylvie Fleury, Andreas Gursky, Jenny Holzer, Gary Hume, Axel Kasseböhmer, Karen Kilimnik, Astrid Klein, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Jean-Luc Mylayne, Nina Pohl, Richard Prince, Ed Ruscha, Frances Scholz, Andreas Schulze, Cindy Sherman, Rosemarie Trockel, Andrea Zittel, Philip-Lorca diCorcia
April 25–October 18, 2003
Cologne

In 1983, Monika Sprüth opened her Cologne based gallery with a solo show by Andreas Schulze. Starting from the idea to establish a forum for young and unknown artists, the central focus of the gallery concept was developed in the discourse of the 80s. The gallery program was completed by recourses to artistic attitudes of the last 40 years. This research, motivated by reflection on contemporary art history, was more and more realized in cooperation with Philomene Magers who directed her Bonn gallery since 1992. After a few years of loose cooperation, Monika Sprüth Gallery and Philomene Magers Gallery aligned with each other after, and together the Monika Sprüth / Philomene Magers Gallery opened up in Munich in 1999.

Barbara Kruger
Barbara Kruger

Künstler der Galerie
Peter Fischli  David Weiss, Rosemarie Trockel, George Condo, Axel Kasseböhmer, Cindy Sherman, Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Anne Loch, Andreas Schulze, Thomas Wachweger, Milan Kunc, Ina Barfuss
June 13–July 15, 1987
Cologne

Press

Barbara Kruger
The New York Times T Magazine, article by Megan O’Grady, October 19, 2020

The Artwork
The Gentlewoman, article by Christina Ruiz, Autumn and Winter 2020

Noch ein Morgen
Zeit Magazin, article by Christoph Amend, June 18, 2020

“Auch ich fragte, was soll das?”
Die Zeit, article by Tobias Timm, September 2019

Barbara Kruger
Spike, article by Patrick J. Reed, Summer 2019

Barbara Kruger on Feminism, #MeToo And The Power Of Words
Tatler, article by Payal Uttam, March 25, 2019

In advance of the midterms, Barbara Kruger reprises MOCA mural that asks ‘Who is beyond the law?’
Los Angeles Times, article by Carolina A. Miranda, October 18, 2018

Barbara Kruger Forever: The essential artist talks Ikea, Trump, hypebeasts, sex, and power.
The Cut, article by Kat Stoeffel, February 2018

Barbara Kruger’s Supreme Performance
The New Yorker, article by Jamie Lauren Keiles, November 12, 2017

Land der Unsicherheit
Süddeutsche Zeitung, article by Catrin Lorch, October 13, 2017

These ’80s Artists Are More Important Than Ever
The New York Times, article by Gary Indiana, February 13, 2017

Biography

Barbara Kruger (*1945, Newark, NJ) lives and works in Los Angeles and New York. Solo shows include AMOREPACIFIC Museum of Art, Seoul (2019), National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (2016), High Line Art, New York (2016), Modern Art Oxford (2014), Kunsthaus Bregenz (2013), Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich (2011), Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt (2010), Gallery of Modern Art, Glasgow (2005), Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2000), Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (1999), Serpentine Gallery, London (1994), Musée d’art contemporain, Montreal (1985) and Kunsthalle Basel (1984). Group shows include those at Hamburger Bahnhof (2018), V-A-C Foundation, Palazzo delle Zattere, Venice (2017), Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (2014), Biennale of Sydney (2014), Museum Ludwig, Cologne (2013), Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (2010), Museum of Modern Art, New York (2010, 2009, 2007), Palazzo Grassi, Venice (2006), Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (2004), Tate Liverpool (2002), Centre Pompidou, Paris (1988) and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (1987). In 2021, a major retrospective will be held at the Art Institue of Chicago that will travel to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and to the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

Education
1966 Parsons School of Design, New York
1965 Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York
Awards, Grants and Fellowships
2019 Goslarer Kaiserring ('Emperor's Ring') Prize from the city of Goslar, Germany
2005 The Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement, 51st Venice Biennale
1996 Artist in Residence, Wexner Center for the Arts, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
1983–84 National Endowment for the Arts Grant, Washington, D.C.
1976–77 Creative Artists Service Program Grant
Public Collections
Akron Art Museum, Akron, OH
Arario Museum, Seoul
Art Institute of Chicago
Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME
The Broad, Los Angeles
Brooklyn Museum, New York
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Collection Vanmoerkerke, Oostende
Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
Deste Foundation for Contemporary Art, Athens
DZ BANK Art Collection, Frankfurt
Elgiz Museum, Maslak
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
Fonds régional d'art contemporain (FRAC) de Bourgogne, Dijon
George Eastman Museum, Rochester, NY
Glenstone Museum, Potomac, MD
Hammer Museum, Los Angeles
Hallmark Art Collection, Kansas City, MO
Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, MA
Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Marciano Art Foundation, Los Angeles
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis, MO
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
Moderna Museet, Stockholm
Mönchehaus Museum, Goslar
Musée d'art moderne et d'art contemporain, Nice
Musée d'art moderne et contemporain de Saint-Étienne Métropole, France
Museum of Contemporary Art Antwerp (MHKA)
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago
The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego
Museum of Contemporary Photography, Columbia College, Chicago
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
NSU Art Museum Fort Lauderdale, FL
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Pinault Collection, Paris
Rubell Family Collection, Miami
Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York
Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Tacoma Art Museum, WA
Tate, London
Vanhaerents Art Collection, Brussels
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Yokohama Museum of Art
Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ