Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer. Photo: Nanda Lanfranco

 

Jenny Holzer (*1950) has been probing the aesthetic and political intersection of language, installation, and painting since the late 1970s. Holzer displays her own and other texts in a variety of media, including LED tickers and light projections in public spaces, confronting current events and topics such as war and sexual violence in a way that defies didacticism and challenges the viewer’s passivity. The New York-based artist has been with the gallery since 1986, first represented by Galerie Monika Sprüth, then by Sprüth Magers.

 

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Holzer’s dialogue with the kinds of language-based conceptual art exemplified by Lawrence Weiner and Joseph Kosuth is particularly evident in early works such as Truisms (1977–1979) and Inflammatory Essays (1979–1982). For these works, the artist printed enigmatic epigrams on posters and secretly affixed them to the walls of buildings and subway stations in New York. Directed at anonymous passersby, the texts were often based on philosophical readings and struck a clear contrast to the structuralist and analytical language models favored by her predecessors. Viewers were often unable to discern which messages were ironic and which were sincere; nor could they make out the political position underpinning those idiosyncratic, sometimes contradictory statements. They could only sort these texts out for themselves, reflecting on what they had read and allowing their own, personal feelings to take hold.

Holzer’s text works have appeared on a multitude of materials—from T-shirts, caps and golf balls to programmed light-emitting diodes, screen prints, oil paintings, sarcophagi and benches made of marble, granite and labradorite. Her messages could be seen on trucks driving through cities like Washington D.C., racecars and a small plane. She has designed expansive, robotic LED text sculptures that respond to viewers’ movements in space and projected texts onto some of the world’s most iconic buildings and landscapes, including the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, the Louvre in Paris, the Guggenheim Museums in New York and Bilbao, the New York Public Library, the Arno in Florence and the Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome.

Holzer continually changes and updates both her media and her sources. The artist’s texts range from distillations of novels by Annie Dillard and Elfriede Jelinek to passages from Michel de Montaigne’s Essays and Wisława Szymborska’s poetry. Another, more recent point of focus has been her work with classified U.S. government documents, which often report on torture and military interventions in euphemistic jargon and only reach the public after being censored and blacked-out, sometimes to the point of illegibility.

Holzer’s works stem from a desire to make art for a wider audience. She often puts media traditionally reserved for advertising in public spaces at art’s disposal. Her pieces build on the sensual vocabulary of Mark Rothko, the minimalism of Dan Flavin and Donald Judd, and the socio-political theories of the Russian Constructivists, among others. Holzer creates aesthetic experiences between meditation and incantation, denunciation and assurance. In doing so, she succeeds in transforming nothing less than the traditional process of reading, inviting viewers to become conscious of its associative, intellectual and emotional consequences. She exposes entrenched assumptions and behavioral patterns in our shared understanding, penetrating deep into the collective unease of our times.

 

Jenny Holzer: SOFTER
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, September 28–December 31, 2017
© 2017 Jenny Holzer, member Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY

Works
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Truisms 1977–79, 1998

Jenny Holzer
Truisms 1977–79, 1998
Horizontal LED sign with red diodes and black housing
15.2 × 135.8 × 11.4 cm
6 × 53 1/2 × 44 7/8 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Splayed 0003242, 2015–20

Jenny Holzer
Splayed 0003242, 2015–20
24k gold, Caplain gold and champagne gold leaf and oil on linen
147.3 × 111.8 × 3.8 cm
58 × 44 × 1 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019

Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019
Text: Truisms (1977–79)
Oak Stone bench
43.2 × 121.9 × 50.8 cm
17 × 48 × 20 inches

More views
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Survival, 1989

Jenny Holzer
Survival, 1989
Text: Survival (1980–82)
Horizontal LED sign with red diodes and black housing
13.3 × 276.9 × 7.6 cm
5 1/4 × 109 × 3 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Text: Selections from Truisms (1977–79) and Survival (1980–82)
10 double-sided, semicircular electronic LED signs: red and blue diodes on front, blue and white diodes on back; Housing: stainless steel
13.3 × 230.3 × 15 cm
5 1/4 × 90 3/4 × 6 inches

More views
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Phase III - Operations Purple, 2007

Jenny Holzer
Phase III – Operations Purple, 2007
Text: U.S. government document
Oil on linen
200.7 × 259.7 × 3.8 cm
79 × 102 1/4 × 1 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS, 2017

Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS, 2017
Text: Poetry by Anna Świrszczyńska
7 curved Nero Portoro marble benches
Dimensions variable

More views
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Survival Series: Protect me from what I want..., 1984

Jenny Holzer
Survival Series: Protect me from what I want…, 1984
Text on cast aluminum plaque
15.2 × 24.1 cm
6 × 9 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Text: Selection from Truisms (1977–79) and Survival (1983–85), Erlauf (1995) and Arno (1996)
Stone wall engraved with text
Permanent installation, Wanås Foundation, Knsilinge, Sweden
ca. 187100 cm
73661 3/8 inches approximately

More views
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Right Hand DOD-044403, 2007

Jenny Holzer
Right Hand DOD-044403, 2007
Oil on linen
147.3 × 111.8 × 3.8 cm
58 × 44 × 1 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, 2005

Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, 2005
Text: Mother and Child (1990)
LED sign with blue diodes, permanent installation
1210.2 × 13.7 × 13.7 cm
476 1/2 × 5 3/8 × 5 3/8 inches

More views
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Living Series: Enamel Signs, 1981

Jenny Holzer
Living Series: Enamel Signs, 1981
Text: Living (1980–82)
Installation view, hand-painted enamel on metal sign: black on white or red on white
Each 53.3 × 58.4 cm
Each 21 × 23 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Survival: UNEX Sign, 1983

Jenny Holzer
Survival: UNEX Sign, 1983
Text: Survival (1983–85)
Horizontal LED sign: red, green, and blue diodes; black powder-coated aluminum housing
77.5 × 288.3 × 30.5 cm
30 1/2 × 113 1/2 × 12 inches

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes..., 1989

Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes…, 1989
Text: Living (1980–82)
Carbon on tracing paper
45.7 × 91.4 cm
18 × 36 inches

More views
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine..., 2019

Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine…, 2019
Text: Truisms (1977–79)
Azul do Mar quartzite footstool
43.2 × 63.5 × 40.6 cm
17 × 25 × 16 inches

More views
Details
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Truisms 1977–79, 1998
Horizontal LED sign with red diodes and black housing
15.2 × 135.8 × 11.4 cm
6 × 53 1/2 × 44 7/8 inches

Jenny Holzer
Truisms 1977–79, 1998
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Splayed 0003242, 2015–20
24k gold, Caplain gold and champagne gold leaf and oil on linen
147.3 × 111.8 × 3.8 cm
58 × 44 × 1 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Splayed 0003242, 2015–20
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019
Text: Truisms (1977–79)
Oak Stone bench
43.2 × 121.9 × 50.8 cm
17 × 48 × 20 inches

Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019

Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019

Jenny Holzer
Humor is a release, 2019
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Survival, 1989
Text: Survival (1980–82)
Horizontal LED sign with red diodes and black housing
13.3 × 276.9 × 7.6 cm
5 1/4 × 109 × 3 inches

Jenny Holzer
Survival, 1989
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Text: Selections from Truisms (1977–79) and Survival (1980–82)
10 double-sided, semicircular electronic LED signs: red and blue diodes on front, blue and white diodes on back; Housing: stainless steel
13.3 × 230.3 × 15 cm
5 1/4 × 90 3/4 × 6 inches

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007

Jenny Holzer
TORSO, 2007
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Phase III – Operations Purple, 2007
Text: U.S. government document
Oil on linen
200.7 × 259.7 × 3.8 cm
79 × 102 1/4 × 1 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Phase III - Operations Purple, 2007
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS, 2017
Text: Poetry by Anna Świrszczyńska
7 curved Nero Portoro marble benches
Dimensions variable

Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS, 2017
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS, 2017

Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS, Text: Poetry by Anna Świrszczyńska, 2017
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS, 2017 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
SUCH WORDS
Text: Poetry by Anna Świrszczyńska
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Survival Series: Protect me from what I want…, 1984
Text on cast aluminum plaque
15.2 × 24.1 cm
6 × 9 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Survival Series: Protect me from what I want..., 1984
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Text: Selection from Truisms (1977–79) and Survival (1983–85), Erlauf (1995) and Arno (1996)
Stone wall engraved with text
Permanent installation, Wanås Foundation, Knsilinge, Sweden
ca. 187100 cm
73661 3/8 inches approximately

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Wanås Wall, 2002
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Right Hand DOD-044403, 2007
Oil on linen
147.3 × 111.8 × 3.8 cm
58 × 44 × 1 1/2 inches

Jenny Holzer
Right Hand DOD-044403, 2007
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, 2005
Text: Mother and Child (1990)
LED sign with blue diodes, permanent installation
1210.2 × 13.7 × 13.7 cm
476 1/2 × 5 3/8 × 5 3/8 inches

Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, 2005
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, 2005

Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, Text: Mother and Child (1990), 2005
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, 2005

Jenny Holzer
For Paula Modersohn-Becker, Text: Mother and Child (1990), 2005
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Living Series: Enamel Signs, 1981
Text: Living (1980–82)
Installation view, hand-painted enamel on metal sign: black on white or red on white
Each 53.3 × 58.4 cm
Each 21 × 23 inches

Jenny Holzer
Living Series: Enamel Signs, 1981
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Survival: UNEX Sign, 1983
Text: Survival (1983–85)
Horizontal LED sign: red, green, and blue diodes; black powder-coated aluminum housing
77.5 × 288.3 × 30.5 cm
30 1/2 × 113 1/2 × 12 inches

Jenny Holzer
Survival: UNEX Sign, 1983
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes…, 1989
Text: Living (1980–82)
Carbon on tracing paper
45.7 × 91.4 cm
18 × 36 inches

Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes..., 1989
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes…, 1989 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes..., Text: Living (1980-1982), 1989
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes…, 1989 (detail)

Jenny Holzer
Hands-on socialization promotes..., Text: Living (1980-1982), 1989
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine…, 2019
Text: Truisms (1977–79)
Azul do Mar quartzite footstool
43.2 × 63.5 × 40.6 cm
17 × 25 × 16 inches

Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine..., 2019
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine…, 2019

Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine..., Text: Truisms (1977-79), 2019
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine…, 2019

Jenny Holzer
Selection from Truisms: Your actions determine..., 2015
Details
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Current and Upcoming
Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer, Truisms: A strong sense of duty…, 1987 (detail)
© 1987 Jenny Holzer, member Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY
Photo: Jason Wyche

Jenny Holzer
MASS MoCA, North Adams
On view through at least 2020

In light of recent developments regarding the coronavirus (COVID-19), exhibitions, events and talks are subject to change.

Jenny Holzer’s concise, often enigmatic writings infiltrate public life and consciousness through everyday objects such as LED panels and stone benches, as well as her paintings and sculpture. Following her monumental installation in MASS MoCA’s Building 5 in 2007, which marked her first indoor projection in the U.S., Holzer returns with a campus-wide program, timed to the opening of Building 6 in May 2017.

Link

Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer im Kolonnadenhof der Alten Nationalgalerie
Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin
On view through at least 2022

International Women’s Day, 8 March 2020, marked the close of the special exhibition Fighting for Visibility: Women Artists in the Nationalgalerie before 1919 at the Alte Nationalgalerie. The theme of the visibility of women artists remains evident in the public space through the outdoor presentation of Jenny Holzer’s work Men Don’t Protect You Anymore in the Kolonnadenhof (Colonnade Courtyard) in front of the museum.

Link
Jenny Holzer
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Nationalgalerie / David von Becker
Exhibitions at Sprüth Magers

Eau de Cologne
Rosemarie Trockel, Cindy Sherman, Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Astrid Klein, Marlene Dumas, Kara Walker, Cady Noland
March 27–April 12, 2019
Hong Kong

Eau de Cologne began as a series of exhibitions and three publications, organized by Monika Sprüth between 1985 and 1989, which sought to create a new dialogue around contemporary art. The exhibitions introduced a select group of young women artists, each of whom individually represented powerful attitudes and practices.

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Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Eau de Cologne
Rosemarie Trockel, Cindy Sherman, Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Jenny Holzer / Lady Pink
June 28–August 20, 2016
Los Angeles

The group show Eau de Cologne at Sprüth Magers in Los Angeles features work from the late 1970s to 2016 by Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman and Rosemarie Trockel. The exhibition at Sprüth Magers’ recently-opened Los Angeles gallery is a follow–up to its predecessor in Berlin last year. It sheds light on key topics in these artists’ works, but also the specific history of the gallery and its connection to these important female figures of an art that subtly addresses women’s roles in very different ways.

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Eau de Cologne
Rosemarie Trockel, Cindy Sherman, Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler
September 17–October 21, 2015
Berlin

This group exhibition at Sprüth Magers Berlin shows works from the early 1980s to 2015 by Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman and Rosemarie Trockel. These five artists have been working with Monika Sprüth since the foundation of her gallery in Cologne in the early 1980s and have been closely connected to the gallery ever since.

Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Endgame
April 27–June 16, 2012
Berlin

Entitled Endgame, the exhibition includes a series of paintings marking the artist’s return to the medium after more than thirty years. Holzer searches for ways to make narrative a part of visual objects, employing an innovative range of materials and presentations to confront emotions and experiences, politics and conflict. While looking for subject matter for electronics and projections, the artist located a number of redacted, declassified government documents including policy memos, autopsy reports, and statements by American administration officials, soldiers, detainees, and others, generated during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

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Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Detained
January 31–March 15, 2008
London

Beginning with her 2004 exhibition at the Kunsthaus Bregenz in Austria, Holzer has made the study of declassified US government documents the content for her context-based practice. Incorporating memos, sworn statements, emails, directives, judgments, and other government materials regarding the situation in the Middle East into paintings, large scale light projections, and electronic signs, Holzer has harnessed a variety of approaches to make sensate the accounting of war and torture.

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Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Highly Sensitive
June 5–September 1, 2007
Cologne

The works shown in the exhibition Highly Sensitive continue a theme that Jenny Holzer began with a work for the magazine Wired in 2004 and continued in her solo exhibition at Kunsthaus Bregenz, Truth before Power, in which she made the balance between transparency and security within a democratic government her theme. Her most recent work is based on the political landscape of the USA after 9/11 and the debate about covert investigations, mistreatment of prisoners of war and war tragedies in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay, which Jenny Holzer reveals through written instructions, emails and testimonies of decision-makers, soldiers and prisoners. In her Redaction Paintings Holzer shows documents from government and military circles that have been published in the course of the Freedom of Information Act.

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Jenny Holzer
Secret
March 29–May 19, 2007
Munich

In her latest works, Jenny Holzer negotiates the political landscape after 9/11 and traces the debate over covert operations, prisoner abuse, and war tragedies in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Guantanamo Bay through the directives, emails, and testimonies of policy makers, soldiers, and prisoners. In her Redaction Paintings Holzer shows sensitive governmental and military documents, released to the public under the Freedom of Information Act. Not originally intended for the public, many of these documents were heavily redacted by the United States Government prior to their release. Without subscribing to any particular ideology, Holzer presents text as material in her paintings, evoking a certain curiosity about the actual meaning of the words on the page, which, in their original context, are typically overlooked due to the continuous flow of information we encounter daily.

Jenny Holzer
Press

Jenny Holzer
Wallpaper, interviewed by Marina Cashdan, October 2019

‘I Can See Empty Space as a Three-Dimensional Solid’: Artist Jenny Holzer on How She Fuses Architecture With Language
Artnet News, interview by Randy Kennedy, June 3,  2019

“I want people to attend to the content”– an interview with Jenny Holzer
Apollo, Interview by Gabrielle Schwarz, April 2019

How Jenny Holzer taught the Instagram generation to speak in universal truths 
Sleek, review by Kathryn O’Regan, March 25, 2019

Issues & Commentary: Truisms and Lies
Art in America, review by Leah Pires, October 2018

Women and Power: Jenny Holzer Made Good Things Out of Horror
New York Magazine, article by Amanda Fortini, October 2018

Zu Gast Jenny Holzer
Die Dame, Fall/Winter 2018

Jenny Holzer: Words of Conflict
The Art Newspaper Review, article by Louisa Buck, August 29, 2017

 

Biography

Jenny Holzer (*1950, Gallipolis, OH) lives and works in New York. Selected solo shows include ICA, London (1988), Dia Art Foundation, New York and Guggenheim Museum, New York (both 1989), Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (1991), Hamburger Kunsthalle (2000), Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin (2001, 2011), The Barbican Centre, London (2006), Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2009), Foundation Beyeler, Basel (2009), DHC/ART Foundation for Contemporary Art, Montreal and The Baltic, Gateshead (both 2010), Museo Correr, Venice (2015), Lune Rouge and Art Projects Ibiza (2016), Massachussets Museum of Modern Art, North Adams (2017–present), Blenheim Art Foundation, Woodstock (2017), Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (2019), and Tate (2019). Group shows include Whitney Museum, New York (1983, 1988, 1989, 1996, 2015), documenta 8, Kassel (1987), Centre Pompidou, Paris (1988, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005), MoMA, New York (1988, 1992, 1996, 1997, 2005, 2008), Hayward Gallery, London (1992, 2013), Venice Biennale, Venice (2005), The Barbican Centre, London (2008) and Victoria and Albert Museum, London (2011), Malba, Buenos Aires (2012), Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (2014), and MoMA PS1, New York (2019).

https://projects.jennyholzer.com

Education
1977 Independent Study Program, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
1976–77 Master of Fine Arts, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence
1972 Bachelor of Fine Arts, Ohio University, Athens
1970–71 University of Chicago, Chicago
1968–70 Duke University, Durham, NC
Awards, Grants and Fellowships
2019 Jesse L. Rosenberger Medal for Outstanding Achievement in the Creative and Performing Arts, The University of Chicago
2018 Doctorate of Fine Arts, Pratt Institute, New York American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York
2017 International Medal of Arts, U.S. Department of State, Washington
2016 Officier de l’ordre des Arts et des Lettres, Ministère de la Culture
2016 Honorary Academician, Royal Academy of Arts, London
2014 Asher B. Durand Award, Brooklyn Museum, New York
2011 Outstanding Contributions to the Arts Award, American for the Arts, Washington DC and New York
2011 Amercian Academy of Arts and Science, Cambridge, MA
2011 Medal of Distinction, Barnard College, New York
2010 LA MOCA Award for Distinguished Women in the Arts, Los Angeles
2009 Honorary Doctorate of Fine Art, Smith College, Northampton, MA
2009 Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, Montserrat College of Art, Beverly, MA
2006 Urban Visionaries Award, The Cooper Union, New York
2005 Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, New School University, New York
2004 Resident in Visual Arts, American Academy, Rome
2004 Public Art Network Award, Americans for the Arts, Washington DC and New York
2003 Resident in Visual Arts, American Academy in Rome
2003 Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence
2002 Chevalier de L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, La Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication
2002 Kaiserring, Goslar
2000 Berlin Prize Fellowship, The Amercian Academy, Berlin
2000 Honorary Doctorate of Arts, Williams College, Williamstown, MA
1996 Crystal Award, World Economic Forum, Geneva
1994 Honorary Doctorate of Arts, University of Ohio, Athens
1994 Skowhegan Medal for Installation, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, New York
1993 Art Director's Club of Europe, Gold Medal for Title, Gold Medal for Design for Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin, Edition No. 46, 1993, LUSTMORD
1990 Leone d'Oro, grand prize for pavilion XLIV Biennale di Venezia, Venice