1970s Solid-Light Works
November 22, 2013–January 25, 2014
Internationally recognized for groundbreaking work that occupies a space between sculpture, cinema and drawing, Anthony McCall’s practice has influenced a generation of artists working with film and installation. The exhibition at Sprüth Magers Berlin offers an unprecedented occasion to see three of the artist’s seminal ‘solid-light’ works that were produced in the early 1970s in New York, including Four Projected Movements (1975).
The main gallery space will be divided into three areas, all immersed in darkness. At the centre of the exhibition will be Line Describing a Cone (1973), the first in the artist’s series of ‘solid-light’ films, in which a volumetric form composed of projected light slowly materializes in three-dimensional space. In 2003, in a lecture published in October, McCall wrote how “the experience of Line Describing a Cone, and the pieces that followed, depends equally on their relationship to both sculpture and film”. Scale and the body, and moving around a three-dimensional object in a gallery space are sculptural concerns, yet the work is exhibited in a darkened room, generating a cinema-like atmosphere. This combination of darkened space and projected light creates a unique type of engagement, as viewers negotiate not only the darkness and the projection, but also one another. Shortly after Line Describing a Cone, McCall worked on a series of short films that created an illusion of movement using drawing as an image source. Conical Solid (1974), a ten-minute film on display in the first room, sets up a flat blade of light rotating from a fixed central axis. McCall made the work using simple animation techniques, starting with a line drawing created with a ruling pen and white gouache on black paper. The artist then placed the line drawing under the camera, and filmed it one frame at a time, each time moving the line a fraction to the next position, creating the illusion of motion.
While Line Describing a Cone and Conical Solid both show continuously using loopers, the seminal work Four Projected Movements (1975) will be projected live using a single projector and a projectionist. Originally shown in New York and London in 1975, the work is on view in mainland Europe for the first time. Four different spatial movements are created by the same fifteen-minute reel of film passed through the projector in each of the four possible ways: forwards, backwards, forwards back to front and backwards back to front. The projector is the agent of change, controlled by a living projectionist, a physical element integral to the work, making it an early example of ‘long-duration performance’ and installation art. The film directly addresses the architectural space itself, with the projector positioned on the floor in the corner of the room so that the adjacent wall and floor establish the boundaries of the space through which the blades of light travel.
In Line Describing a Cone, Conical Solid and Four Projected Movements, McCall deconstructs cinema by reducing the medium of film to its most basic elements of duration and light. At the same time, the idea of cinema is expanded to incorporate the idea of sculpture, in which three-dimensional space is shared by volumetric planes of light and a mobile and active observer. With forms that develop according to a precise durational structure, with their portable projectors, the absence of cinema seating, and a set of concerns that rejected theatrical narrative, these three early works are not only key examples of ‘Expanded Cinema’ but they also helped to lay the foundations of installation art.
On display in the viewing room will be a selection of works on paper relating to the three installations. In addition, a number of the artist’s original notebooks from the 1970s will be on view, providing an insight into the planning and production of the works in the exhibition.